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Dahlia Hassani, MD
Predictors of early versus late mortality in pelvic trauma patients.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2016 Mar 10;24:27
Authors: Wang H, Robinson RD, Moore B, Kirk AJ, Phillips JL, Umejiego J, Chukwuma J, Miller T, Hassani D, Zenarosa NR
BACKGROUND: Risks of predicting time-related in-hospital mortality varies in pelvic trauma patients. We aim to identify potential independent risks predictive of time-related (early versus late) mortality among pelvic trauma patients.
METHODS: Local trauma registry data from 2004 through 2013 were reviewed. Mortality causes and timing of death were investigated. Multivariate logistic regression identified independent risks predictive of early versus late mortality in pelvic trauma patients while adjusting for patient demographics (age, sex, race), clinical variables (initial vital signs, mental status, injury severity, associated injuries, comorbidities), and hospital outcomes (surgical interventions, crystalloid resuscitations, blood transfusions).
RESULTS: We retrospectively collected data on 1566 pelvic trauma patients with a mortality rate of 9.96% (156/1566). Approximately 74% of patients died from massive hemorrhage within the first 24 h of hospitalization (early mortality). Revised trauma score (RTS), injury severity score (ISS), initial hemoglobin, direct transfer to operating room, and blood transfusion administration in the Emergency Department were considered independent risk factors predictive of early mortality. Age, ISS, and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) were deemed risk factors predictive of death after 24 h (late mortality).
DISCUSSION: Given the fact of a substantial number of patients died within the first 24 h of hospital arrival, it is reasonable to consider the first 24 h of hospitalization as the appropriate window within which early mortality may be expected to occur in pelvic trauma patients. The risk factors associated with massive hemorrhage were strong predictors of early mortality, whereas late mortality predictors were more closely linked with comorbidities or in-hospital complications.
CONCLUSIONS: While risk factors predictive of early versus late mortality vary, ISS seems to predict both early and late mortality accurately in pelvic trauma patients.
PMID: 26964737 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]